Email/Personal Communication Citation:
When referencing communication from an e-mail or e-mail listserv message, AMA regards them as personal communications and should be listed in the text and NOT in the reference list.
The in-text reference should be in parentheses and include the following:
You should also clearly indicate whether the communication was oral or written and include online email.
|Type of Entry||Reference List|
|In-text citation for email||
Similar findings have been noted by G. P. Mackenzie, MD (email communication, January 2012).
The latest data on the ecological impact of the Gulf of Mexico’s marine mammals shows the effect oil spills have had on the immune systems of aquatic organisms (Gerald P. Mackenzie, MD, e-mail communication, January 2012).
|In-text citation for LISTSERV||
The style committee for the AMA Manual of Style is currently preparing an update to address additional electronic reference citation formats (Annette Flanagin, CITINGMED LISTSERV, February 2, 2016)
|In-text citation for oral communication||
According to the drug manufacturer (C. E. Beaton, oral communication, December 2011), the drug became available in France in May 2010.
In a conversation with M. A. Rosenberg, MD (January 2012)....
According to a letter from J. P. Mackenzie, MD, in January 2012....
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