AMA Citation & Reference Style

Citation Tips

Citation Tips


What are the latest changes in referencing internet language?


As of the 11th edition, AMA recommends lowercase internet and website, as well as removing the hyphen from email. Other e- compounds retain their hyphen, e.g. e-cigarette and e-book. Capitalize the word that follows e- in title case, e.g. "State Restrictions on e-Cigarette Use."

AMA Citation Style for Websites

When citing data from a website, include the following elements, if available, in the order shown:

  • Author(s) - (or, if no author is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site).
  • Title of the specific item cited (if none is given, use the name of the organization responsible for the site).
  • Name of the website
  • [Date published] (if available)
  • Updated [date] (if available)
  • Accessed [date]
  • URL [provide URL and verify that the link still works as close as possible to publication].

Tip: Include as much relevant information as possible 

Type of Entry Reference List

Website - with Author

Author(s).Title of the specific item. Name of website. [Date published] (if available). Updated [date] (if available). Accessed [date]. URL

Charlton G. Internal linking for SEO: examples and best practices. SearchEngineWatch. Accessed February 10, 2016.

Rainie L. The rise of the e-patient. Pew Research Center Internet and the  American Life Project website. October 7, 2009. Accessed January 11, 2012.

Website - with NO Author

Title of the specific item. Name of website. [Date published] (if applicable). Updated [date] (if applicable). Accessed [date]. URL

Air Quality. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated June 28, 2021. Accessed July 28, 2021.


Thanks to the George Washington University Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library for the content of this guide, which is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License..

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